India’s Five Year Plan | 13th Five Year Plan | Five Year Plans | India’s 13th Five Year Plan
Five year plan is started by the central government for every 5 years for economic and social development for the people of the country. Five Year Plans are centralized and integrated national economic programmes. So far 12th Five Year Plans have been issued under this scheme. Under this scheme, facilities are being provided in the country for agricultural development, providing employment opportunities , promoting productivity by using human and physical resources, etc. Dear friends, today we are going to provide you all the information related to the scheme through this article, so read our article till the end.
- First Five Year Plan (1951-1956)
- Second Five Year Plan (1956 -1961)
- Third Five Year Plan (1961-1966)
- Fourth Five Year Plan (1969-1974)
- Fifth Five Year Plan (1974 – 1979)
- Sixth Five Year Plan (1980-1985)
- Seventh Five Year Plan (1985-1990)
- Eighth Five Year Plan (1992-1997)
- New Five Year Plan (1997-2002)
- Tenth Five Year Plan (2002–2007)
- Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007 -2012)
- Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012 -2017)
- Thirteenth Five Year Plan (2017 – 2022)
First Five Year Plan (1951-1956)
The first five year plan was started by the first Prime Minister of our country, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in the year 1951 and the tenure of this plan lasted till the year 1956. It is the national plan of India which is developed and implemented by the Planning Commission under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister. In the first five year plan , special emphasis was given to the agriculture sector because during that time the shortage of food grains was a matter of serious concern. The foundation stone of five steel plants was laid during this five year plan.
Objectives of the first five year plan
- To achieve self-sufficiency in food grains in the shortest possible time
- Controlling inflation.
- resettlement of refugees
- Along with this, the process of all-round development was started in this plan, so that the national income could be assured of continuous growth.
- Agriculture was given priority under this scheme.
Second Five Year Plan (1956 -1961)
The tenure of this scheme lasted from 1956 to 1961. The focus was on industry under this plan. Domestic production of industrial products was encouraged in the second plan. Under this scheme, the target was set by the government to increase the national income by 25% in 5 years to raise the standard of living of the people of the country. The 2ed Five Year Plan attempted to make optimum allocation of investments among productive sectors in a prescribed order to maximize long run economic growth.
Goal of second five year plan
- Industry was given priority under this scheme.
- Under this scheme the domestic production of producers in the country was encouraged.
- The scheme is a closed economy in which the main trading activity will be focused on import capital goods.
- During this plan three big steel factories were opened – Bhilai, Durgapur, Rourkela were built.
Third Five Year Plan (1961-1966)
Under this plan, the government focused on improving agriculture and wheat production. But the brief Sino-Indian War of 1962 exposed weaknesses in the economy and shifted attention to the defense industry. The tenure of this scheme lasted from 1961 to 1966. Many cement and fertilizer plants were also built under this scheme and large production of wheat was started in Punjab. To promote agriculture and wheat production in the country under this scheme.
Objectives of the third five year plan
- Under this scheme, priority was given to agriculture and industry.
- The objective of the Third Five Year Plan was to make the economy self-reliant and export abroad.
- Under this scheme, new industries were expanded such as cement, chemical food etc. were arranged.
- The target of domestic product (Gross Domestic Product) growth was to achieve 5.6 percent. The achieved growth rate was 2.84 per cent.
Fourth Five Year Plan (1969-1974)
This scheme was started in the year 1969. The tenure of this scheme lasted from 1969 to 1974. Indira Gandhi was the Prime Minister at the time of the introduction of the 4th Five Year Plans. Under the Fourth Five Year Plan , Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s government nationalized 14 major Indian banks and the Green Revolution improved agriculture. During the 1971 election, Indira Gandhi gave the slogan ‘Garibi Hatao’. Funds earmarked for industrial development were sent to the war effort.
Goals of the Fourth Five Year Plan
- Under this plan, priority was given to economic development.
- economic growth with stability and
- greater self-reliance
- In the fourth five year plan , the growth target rate was kept at 5.7% and in reality only 3.3% could be achieved.
Fifth Five Year Plan (1974 – 1979)
Under this scheme, self-reliance in agricultural production and protection was emphasized. Regional Rural Bank was established on 2 October 1975. Under this plan, social, economic and regional inequality was to be reduced and poverty alleviation along with achieving self-reliance.
Sixth Five Year Plan (1980-1985)
This scheme has been started for economic liberalization. The term of the Sixth Five- Year Plan lasted from 1980 to 1985. The Sixth Five-Year Plan has been prepared repeatedly, first by the Janata Party (for the period 1978-1983) as a “continuous plan”. But after the formation of the new government of Indira Gandhi in 1980, this plan was abolished and the new Sixth Five Year Plan (1980-1985) was launched. Under this plan, emphasis was given on eradicating poverty in the country and getting employment.
Goals of the Sixth Five Year Plan
- The main objective of this plan was to remove poverty from the country and establish economic development, modernization, and social justice.
- Under this scheme, inflation has come down from 16.7% to 5%.
Seventh Five Year Plan (1985-1990)
This scheme was started to increase production in India and to create employment opportunities. Indira Awas Yojana (1985-86), Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (1989) and Nehru Rozgar Yojana (1989) were implemented in the Seventh Five Year Plan . The 7th Plan was striving towards socialism and large scale energy production. Important areas of 7th Five Year Plans have been organized.
Goals of the Seventh Five Year Plan
- alleviating poverty from the country
- and promote production.
- To progress in social services.
- To take the rural areas towards progress.
Eighth Five Year Plan (1992-1997)
Under this scheme, the highest priority in the country was given to ‘development of human resource’, employment or education and public health. To improve education under this scheme. Under the Eighth Five Year Plan , the gradual opening up of the Indian economy was corrected by rapidly increasing deficit and foreign debt. Under this scheme, controlling population growth, poverty reduction, employment generation, strengthening of infrastructure, institutional building, tourism management, human resource development, Panchayat Raj, Municipalities, NGOs and participation of decentralized and people’s participation . Energy was given priority with 26.6% of the outlay.
Objectives of the Eighth Five Year Plan
- Elimination of illiteracy and universalization of primary education among people in the age group of 15 to 35 years.
- To achieve full employment by the end of the century.
- Under this plan, energy, transport, communication, and irrigation are to be strengthened.
New Five Year Plan (1997-2002)
The tenure of this scheme lasted from 1997 to 2002. Through this scheme, this scheme was started to fulfill the goals like rapid industrialization, human development, full-scale employment, poverty reduction and self-reliance on domestic resources. Under this new five year plan ‘Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana, Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana, Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana’ were included. To provide basic infrastructure facilities, safe drinking water, primary health care, transport, energy, women empowerment etc. to check the increasing population growth under this scheme.
Objectives of the new five year plan
- The main objective of the 9th Five Year Plan is to achieve social justice and economic growth. To achieve this goal, emphasis should be given on areas like employment, self-reliance, and regional balance.
- Against the target of 3.9 per cent growth rate in the agriculture sector in the ninth plan, the actual achievement was only 2.1 per cent.
- Proper use and full conservation of natural resources.
Tenth Five Year Plan (2002–2007)
Under this scheme, gainful and high quality employment was provided in addition to the labor force by reducing the poverty ratio by 5 percentage points by the year 2007. Under this tenth five year plan , more development was done in those areas of the country where employment opportunities were available. These include agriculture, construction, tourism, small scale industries, retail, information technology and related services in the communication sector.
Objectives of the tenth five year plan
- Under this scheme, employment houses were provided in the underdeveloped areas of the country.
- In the 10th Five Year Plans , the most emphasis was given on agriculture and the maximum expenditure was done on energy.
- Universalizing access to primary education by the year 2007.
Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007 -2012)
This scheme was started on 1st April 2007. The tenure of the 11th five year plan lasted from 2007 to 31 March 2012. The main objective of this plan was rapid and inclusive growth. The total budget of the State’s Five Year Plans has been approved by the Planning Commission at Rs 71731.98 crore. Access to electricity to the people living below poverty in rural areas.
Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012 -2017)
This scheme was started on 01 April 2012. Under this plan, the Planning Commission has set an objective of achieving economic growth rate of 10% per annum in the 12th Five Year Plan from April 01, 2012 to March 31, 2017. The global economic crisis has also affected the Indian economy. Under the 12th Five Year Plans, agriculture, industry, energy, transport, communication, rural development and urban development were included in the economic sector and health, education, employment and skills were included in the social sector. Development, women’s agency, child rights and social inclusion were included. In the 2th Five Year Plans, the figure of annual growth rate has been kept at 8.2 percent.
Thirteenth Five Year Plan (2017 – 2022)
This scheme will be started from the year 2017 to 2022. Under this scheme, resources, books, class rooms etc. will be repaired and under the remedial classes, weaker students of scheduled caste, scheduled tribe and other backward classes will be given separately. will be taught. Guidance will be given to students preparing for national and state level eligibility tests, civil services and other competitive examinations. Subject experts will be called. There will also be a separate budget for career counseling.
Objectives of the five year plan
Five year plan was started for the development of the country. The main objective of Five Year Plans is to increase the rate of growth. Investment is also increased through these five year plans. Along with this, attention is also paid towards social justice, poverty removal, full employment, modernization etc. in Five Year Plans . Till now 13 five year plans have been implemented in our country. Through which some objective has been set by the government and then work has been done on that purpose. The economic condition of the country has also improved a lot through these 5-year plans.
Key Highlights of Five Year Plans 2021
|scheme name||five yearly plan|
|who launched||Indian government|
|beneficiary||Citizens of India|
|Objective||develop the country|
|Official website||click here|
history of five year plan
On 9 July 1951, the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, presented the first five-year plan in the Parliament. Five Year Plans was a formal model of plans adopted by the Government of India after independence for effective and balanced use of resources. The Planning Commission of India was constituted on 15 March 1950 to administer the Five Year Plans. The main objective of these Five Year Plans is proper allocation of resources, increase in production and provide employment opportunities to everyone. Through these schemes, the Planning Commission was entrusted with the responsibility of raising the standard of living of all the citizens of the country. So far 13 five year plans have been implemented in India.
Advantages and Features of Five Year Plans
- The Five Year Plans were presented on 9 July 1951 by Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India.
- The Planning Commission of India was constituted on 15 March 1950 to conduct these five year plans.
- Under the five year plans, some plans are run for 5 years so that the country can develop and then new plans are made for the next 5 years.
- Investing is also taught through Five Year Plans.
- Through these schemes, attention is also paid towards social justice, poverty removal, Pune employment, modernization etc.
- So far, 13 5-year plans have been implemented in the country.
- The main objective of these five year plans is to improve the economic condition of the country and also to improve the lifestyle of the countrymen.
- Through these schemes, there is an increase in production, proper allocation of resources and providing employment opportunities to everyone.
- Official Website